With under a month to go before the amendments to the International Convention for the Safety of Lives at Sea (SOLAS), requiring that shippers obtain the verified gross mass (VGM) for each packed container and communicate it to the shipping line before it can be loaded onto a ship representatives of a wide spectrum of the industry gathered to review preparedness.
The recent International Maritime Organization (IMO) circular, issued on 23rd May and urging “practical and pragmatic: approach to enforcement of VGM over the first three-month settling-in period, was welcomed. Albeit in the context that further national implementing measures may not be required, it was noted that less than 15 percent of the 162 IMO member states that are signatories to SOLAS have given shippers and operators in their jurisdiction any helpful guidelines regarding VGM procedures that become mandatory on 1 July.
Mike Yarwood, claims manager from TT Club, the freight insurance specialist addressing the Seminar audience commented, “The recent IMO Circular is rightly good news for those that are taking appropriate steps to prepare for 1st July. It is not – and should not be considered in any way – a panacea for the unprepared. Sympathetic enforcement for a limited period allowing for cargo already in the supply chain and resolution of teething problems in no way steps away from the safety objectives of these VGM amendments.” TT Club has repeatedly pointed out that there was extensive stakeholder and international consultation leading to IMO’s adoption of the amendments to SOLAS in November 2014.
The recent Maritime Safety Committee Meeting stated that the key to successful implementation of the VGM requirements is close communication and cooperation between governments and all industry stakeholders. It was also recognized that the VGM requirements operate within a context of cargo related requirements in SOLAS, the ISM Code, the IMDG Code and the CTU Code. Mike Yarwood summed this up, “Behavioral change through all aspects of the supply chain is required. Weight is a relatively small element of broader initiatives to engender safety and improve operational performance. Improved stakeholder communication is foundational.”
The Antwerp Seminar was a recent element of a long-running effort by International Cargo Handling Coordination Association (ICHCA) and a number of trade bodies to create a greater awareness and understanding of the VGM regulation. Captain Richard Brough, technical advisor to ICHCA has, along with others, been at the forefront in this challenge. Speaking at the seminar, he said, “As 1st July approaches we see an increasing number of terminal operators announcing the service options they will offer to shippers to facilitate determining the VGM of export containers. Lifting equipment suppliers, carriers, forwarders and, with a few exceptions, shipper representatives have all engaged positively in order to identify the most appropriate way to comply, whether by method 1 or method 2. Sadly, where compliance is a shared responsibility, communication between all the different parties has too often been acrimonious rather than collaborative. As a result – a month out – contingency planning is now crucial for all stakeholders, to avoid a potentially disastrous impact on container supply chains.”
Both ICHCA and TT Club, together with the World Shipping Council (WSC) and the Global Shippers Forum (GSF) are determined to use the remaining weeks to continue their mission of education to those concerned with, and about, the regulation. These four sponsors will shortly issue ‘Verified Gross Mass – Supplementary Industry FAQs’ to add to the document released in December 2015. The organizations will also monitor implementation, both in the initial period and longer term.
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