Spot Truckload Pricing Shows Signs of Bottoming Out

Spot truckload freight pricing held firm during the week ending August 25 despite a 3% drop in the number of posted loads.


Spot truckload freight pricing held firm during the week ending August 25 despite a 3% drop in the number of posted loads, said DAT Solutions, which operates the industry’s largest network of load boards. The number of posted trucks increased 2.6% compared to the previous week.

Pricing was virtually unchanged week over week, a sign that spot rates have hit a seasonal low prior to Labor Day, when demand typically starts to build again.

National Average Spot Rates, Through August 25

  • Van: $1.81 per mile, 3 cents lower than the July average
  • Flatbed: $2.20 per mile, 7 cents lower than July
  • Reefer: $2.14 per mile, 5 cents lower than July


Van volume on DAT’s 100 top van lanes was up 3% last week but pricing changes were muted: 44 lanes were higher, 47 were lower, and nine were neutral compared to the previous week, with no dramatic swings either way. The rate from Columbus to Buffalo was the biggest gain last week while the biggest drop was the return trip from Buffalo to Columbus:

  • Buffalo to Columbus: $1.85 per mile, down 10 cents
  • Columbus to Buffalo: $2.82 per mile, up 13 cents

The national average van load-to-truck ratio fell from 2.4 to 2.2.


Late summer fruit and vegetable harvests in the Midwest and California have not made up for markets where production has struggled due to weather. The national average reefer load-to-truck ratio fell from 4.7 to 4.4 and rates were higher on just 24 of DAT’s 72 high-traffic lanes.

Demand for trucks was heaviest in California, where the number of available loads was up in Los Angeles (9%), Fresno (8%), and Ontario (6%). Rates in these market were softer compared to the previous week, however.


  • Reefer markets have been waiting for an uplift from late summer fruit and vegetable harvests but so far that hasn’t happened. Of the few reefer lanes that saw higher rates last week, the biggest increases were on relatively low volumes of spot freight.
  • The threat of new tariffs, plus the effect of disappointing harvests pushing reefer capacity onto the van market, have helped keep van rates in check this summer.

DAT Trendlines is a weekly snapshot of month-to-date national average rates from DAT RateView, which provides real-time reports on spot market and contract rates, as well as historical rate and capacity trends. The RateView database is comprised of more than $65 billion in annualized freight payments. DAT load boards average 1.2 million load searches per business day.